Pope Innocent III giving his Papal Blessing & Confirmation to the Holy Rule (The Evangelical Counsels) of St. Francis of Assissi Fresco, 1452 by the great Florentine Renaissance painter Benozzo Gozzoli
Saint Bonaventure, Superior General of the Franciscan Order of Friars Minor showing St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church the monastery library, 16th Century painting by Francisco Zurbaran, (One of the greatest painters of the Spanish Renaissance, Museum of Emperador Federico, Berlin
Saint Clare, of Assisi, Italy, 12th Century Co-founder with St. Francis of the cloistered Poor Clare nuns of the Franciscan Order, 17th Century painting by Isidoro Arredondo, Fernando Riviere Collection, Barcelona, Spain
Here are the beautiful, traditional and glorious habit styles, related religious and Mendicant customs.
The rich literature and epoch creating spiritual traditions of the various Roman Rite Franciscan Friars and Nuns orders and congregations of past historic periods since the glorious days of St.Francis and St. Clare including those currently in use around the world including the Anglican styles.
Francis of Assisi (c. 1181-1226) Son of Peter Bernadone, a wealthy silk merchant, he was born at Assisi, Italy, and christened.
Francis spent his youth in extravagant living and pleasure-seeking, went eagerly to war (for a group of princes but latter became anti-war) and was taken prisoner in 1206. On his release he resumed his carefree ways, was seriously ill for a time, and returned to the wars in 1205.
A vision of Christ he experienced at Spoleto, followed by another on his return to Assisi, caused him to change his whole lifestyle.
He went on pilgrimage to Rome in 1206 and on his return devoted himself to a life of poverty and care of the sick (including at a leper colony) He was angrily denounced by his father as a madman and disinherited in one of the most dramatic scenes of religious history. After repairing several churches in Assisi, he retired to a little chapel, the Portiuncula and devoted himself completely to his life’s work of poverty and preaching.
He soon attracted numerous disciples, among them several leading citizens, Bernard da Quintavalla, merchant, and Peter of Cattaneo, canon of the cathedral, whom he robed on April 16, 1209, thus founding the Franciscan Order of Friars Minor “The Little Brothers.”
Saint Bonaventure receiving the habit of the Franciscan order of Friars Minor in a Franciscan Clothing Ceremony. Painting by Francisca de Herrera el Viejo, 16th Century Museum del Prado, Madrid, Spain
Saint Francis and six stories from his life, dated 1235 AD, Completed about 9 years after the saints death, by Bonaventura Berlinghieri, Church of San Francisco, Perscia, Italy.
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